New first aid guidelines

First aid guidelines in the UK have been revised and improved following a scientific review. The new guidelines simplify
first aid procedures and make them more accessible to a wider audience.

Please note
The existing first aid standards are still effective and valid. However, as a leading first aid provider, the British Red Cross
prefers to promote techniques in line with the most up to date scientific research.
The changes affect techniques for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and dealing with choking and drowning incidents. Details of these changes are listed below. TheDanish guidelineplans to update its entire product portfolio in
line with the new protocols over the coming months

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
* Formerly, the ratio was 2 breaths and 15 chest compressions for an adult. Now it is 30 compressions, then 2 breaths.
* Before, there was a more complex process for finding the right location for placing hands on the chest for the
compressions. The advice now is to simply aim for the centre of the chest.
* Before, the ratio for children and babies was 5 compressions: 1 breath. Now we advise that you use 30:2 – the same ratio as for any other casualty. One of the main benefits is that it’s easier to remember!

However, there are some specific adaptations to the protocol for children and babies that will increase effectiveness:
* Use one hand only for chest compressions if treating a small child and two fingers only for a baby.

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